Lamperti and Garcia on the “Appoggio”

Francesco Lamperti was a highly influential pedagogue who influenced generations of singers.  He had a very long career as a teacher at the Milan Conservatory. According to James Stark in his book, "Bel Canto: A History of Vocal Pedagogy" the approach between the Lamperti School and the ideas of Manuel Garcia school were the topic [...]

Vocal Attack: The Key to Vocal Efficiency

For the Old Italians, the vocal attack, or 'onset' of the tone, was the key to building an efficient vocal tone, and was primary to the voice building process. Manuel Garcia, II was the first pedagogue to describe this particular vocal phenomenon, coining the phrase coup de la glotte or "stroke/blow of the glottis".  To be [...]