Herbert Witherspoon has laid out a wide-ranging list of VISIBLE faults which we can address in lessons and training the singer.
We work with what we HEAR and WHAT we SEE. That’s all we’ve got to go on.
I am replicating them in FULL from his book, Singing, published in 1925.
|Mouth too open|
|Throat swelling at base|
|Throat enlarging and swollen veins|
|Pushing down muscles under chin|
|Palate pulled up and back, fauces widened|
|Tongue curled up away from lower teeth, sometimes almost closing the mouth aperture|
|Falling ribs and chest on attack|
|Poor standing position|
|Raising or hunching of shoulders|
|Too high or rigid chest|
|Too much drawing in of abdomen|
|Needless disturbance of the mouth|
|Bowing the head for high notes|